Navratri is one of the important and most awaited Hindu festival. Navratri is Sanskrit word which means ‘Nine Nights’. Different religion and communities in India celebrate the festival in a different way but is primarily dedicated to goddess Durga. Goddess Durga is worshipped in nine form during the nine nights of Navratri.
1. Maa Shailaputri
Mata Shailputri is the first form amongst Navadurga or nine forms of goddess Durga. On the first day, Mata Shailputri worshipped during the Navratri celebrations. She is also known as Goddess Parvati the consort of Lord Shiva and mother of Ganesha and Kartikeya. In the Navratra festival, the worshiping Mother Goddess has a half moon in her forehead & she is holding a trident in her right hand & lotus flower in her left hand. she rides on mount Nandi (bull).
2. Maa Brahmacharini
Mata Brahmacharini is the second form amongst Navadurga. Brahmacharini means a devoted female student who lives in an Ashrama with her Guru along with other students. Maa Brahmacharini is worshipped on the second day of Navratri. The goddess Brahmacharini wears white clothes, holds a japa mala in her right hand and Kamandal, a water utensil in her left hand.
3. Maa Chandraghanta
Maa Chandraghanta is the third form of Goddess Durga. She is also known as Chandrakhanda, Chandika or Rannchandi. Maa Chandrakhanda is worshipped on the third day of Navratri. Her name Chandra-Ghanta, means “one who has a half-moon shaped like a bell. Her third eye is always opened and she always ready for war against demons”.
4. Mata Kushmanda
Maa Kushmanda is the fourth form of Goddess Durga. Goddess Kushmanda is worshipped on the fourth day of Navratri. She is believed to improve health and bestow wealth and strength. She is believed to improve health and bestow wealth and strength. Kushmanda has the power and strength to live in the core of Sun. Her luminosity gives the Sun its brightness. She is said to give directions to the Sun God.
Skandamata is the fifth form of Maa Durga. Skandamata is worshipped on the fifth day of Navratri. She is also called Goddess with a lotus-seat (Padmāsana). The lion is her vehicle. It is believed that she awards devotees with salvation, power, prosperity and treasures. Who is selflessly devoted to her, attains all the achievements and treasures of life. The worship of Skandamata purifies the heart of a devotee.
6. Maa Katyayini
Maa Katyayini is the sixth form amongst Navadurga. Maa Katyayini is worshipped on the sixth day of Navratri. Maa Katyayani is a symbol of Shakti, i.e. strength. She inspires women to face challenges, to fight for their rights, for what is right and believes in their inherent strengths. She is known to be the fiercest form of Maa Durga, appearing as a warrior goddess who was born to annihilate Mahishasur, the demon.
7. Maa Kaalratri
Maa Kaalratri is the seventh form amongst Navadurga. Maa Kaalratri is worshipped on the seventh day of Navratri. This form of Goddess is believed to be the destroyer of all demon entities, ghosts, spirits and negative energies. It is believed that she makes her devotees fearless. The first part of the word kalaratri is kala. Kala primarily means time but also means black in honour of being the first creation before light itself. The second part of the word kalaratri, is ratri and its origins can be traced to the oldest of Vedas, the Rig Veda.
8. Maa Mahagauri
Maa Mahagauri is the eighth form amongst Navadurga. The name Mahagauri means extremely white, as she was white in color and very beautiful. Goddess Mahagauri has the power to fulfill all the desires of her devotees. Maa Mahagauri is worshipped on the eighth day of Navratri. The one who worships the goddess gets relief from all the sufferings in life.
9. Maa Siddhidatri
Maa Siddhidatri is the ninth form amongst Navadurga. The name Siddhidatri meaning is as follows: Siddhi means supernatural power or meditative ability, and Dhatri means giver or awarder. Maa Siddhidatri is worshipped on the ninth day of Navratri.